We have developed several artificial gills for small animals. These gills harvest oxygen dissolved in water and discharge carbon dioxide to the water. Their efficient operation, the result of microporous hollow fibers, can be accurately predicted by design equations developed for these fibers.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We benefited tremendously from the advice and equipment of Professor Douglas Wangensteen, University of Minnesota. The work was principally supported by Questar, a division of the Hoechst-Celanese Corporation. Other support came from the National Science Foundation (grants CPE 8408999 and CBT 8611646).