Arsenic pollution of soils and morbidity prevalence in Racha-lower Svaneti district of Georgia

Archil Chirakadze, Zakaria Buachidze, Irina O. Khomeriki, Vakhtang Gvakharia, Maia Stamateli, Neli Chakvetadze, Maiko Chokheli, William A. Toscano, Ketevan Chigogidze, Leila Gvertsiteli, Nino Bagrationi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Approximately 120 thousand tons of various molecular forms of highly toxic arsenic waste are located in mountainous areas of Georgia as an 'inheritance' after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The heavy contamination of soil around crumbling storage areas results in pollution and high exposure of local communities, livestock, poultry and wildlife to arsenic. Relative risks for 13 diseases in adults: skin diseases, pigmentation maculae, cancer; epigenetic, mental and behavioural, endocrine, urogenital disorders; respiratory, neural, gastrointestinal diseases; tumours, allergy, injury and intoxications are reported. Future work involving transdisciplinary research of epigenetic abnormalities and mental disorders in adults and children including methods of psychological testing are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-114
Number of pages23
JournalInternational Journal of Global Warming
Volume10
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Contamination
  • Disposal
  • Georgia
  • Health-risk
  • Morbidity
  • Soil
  • Waste

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