Army vehicle primer properties during wet-dry cycling

Kerry N. Allahar, B. R. Hinderliter, G. P. Bierwagen, D. E. Tallman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The standard QUV/Proheston accelerated testing method simulates weathering conditions by exposing coatings to alternating wet and dry conditions. The degradation of the coatings is influenced by the transport of water and ionic species across the coating to the substrate. Coating properties that influence this transport are diffusion coefficient and saturated water volume condition, both functions of temperature. Experimental results from which these properties were accessed are presented for a standard United States Army vehicle primer. A procedure involving alternate exposure of the coatings to sodium chloride (NaCl) and room temperature ionic liquid (RTIL) media was used to simulate the wetting and drying processes, respectively, at varying temperatures. In situ single-frequency impedance measurements were used to monitor the evolution of water uptake and water loss with the use of the hydrophilic ionic liquid medium, allowing the removal of the water to be monitored. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopic measurements were used to determine the coatings properties after immersion in the media. The calculated capacitance evolution results associated with the wetting and drying processes were used to calculate the diffusion coefficients associated with ingress and egress of water. The capacitance evolutions were consistent with a Fickian distribution and were modeled using a solution to Fick's second law. Me influence of temperature was demonstrated by the calculation of the activation energies associated with the ingress of water, egress of water, and the barrier property of the coating.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-135
Number of pages10
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2009


  • Diffusion coefficient
  • Single-frequency impedance
  • Wet-dry cycling


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