Are Risky Youth Less Protectable as They Age? The Dynamics of Protection during Adolescence and Young Adulthood

Shawn D. Bushway, Marvin D. Krohn, Alan J. Lizotte, Matthew D. Phillips, Nicole M Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research on recidivism in criminal justice and desistance in criminology are not integrated. Yet, both fields are moving towards models that look at how positive elements in a person's environment can impact a person's behavior, conditional on different levels of risk. This study builds on this observation by applying interactional theory and the concept of Risk-Needs-Responsivity to theorize that both Needs and Responsivity will change over time in predictable ways. We then use a novel empirical approach with the Rochester Youth Development Study to show that even in late adolescence, individuals who are at risk for violence can be protected from future violence and risky behavior like gun carrying with positive events in their environment and personal life. In young adulthood, fewer people are still at risk for violence, and those who are at risk are harder to protect from future violence and gun carrying.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-116
Number of pages33
JournalJustice Quarterly
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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adulthood
adolescence
Violence
violence
Firearms
Criminology
Criminal Law
human being
criminology
justice
event
Research

Keywords

  • developmental stages
  • risk and protective factors
  • trajectory analysis
  • youth violence

Cite this

Are Risky Youth Less Protectable as They Age? The Dynamics of Protection during Adolescence and Young Adulthood. / Bushway, Shawn D.; Krohn, Marvin D.; Lizotte, Alan J.; Phillips, Matthew D.; Schmidt, Nicole M.

In: Justice Quarterly, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.02.2013, p. 84-116.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bushway, Shawn D. ; Krohn, Marvin D. ; Lizotte, Alan J. ; Phillips, Matthew D. ; Schmidt, Nicole M. / Are Risky Youth Less Protectable as They Age? The Dynamics of Protection during Adolescence and Young Adulthood. In: Justice Quarterly. 2013 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 84-116.
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