Architectures and algorithms for building automation—An industry view

Petr Stluka, Girija Parthasarathy, Steve Gabel, Tariq Samad

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Most of the content of this volume highlights new research developments in building automation, with an emphasis on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) control. This research is motivated by important industry and societal imperatives for improving the energy efficiency, carbon footprint, occupant comfort, and economics of building operation. Much needs to be done and control scientists and engineers have an important role to play. In this chapter, we hope to “ground” the research. The chapter consists of two primary parts. We first discuss the systems aspect of building automation systems (BASs). State-of-the-art BASs are large, complex, distributed systems. They connect to sensors, actuators, and low-level controllers; provide interfaces for operational, engineering, and management staff; and, increasingly, interconnect with other computer systems for enterprise-level applications such as facility management, energy management, and computerized maintenance management systems. A trend we highlight is the move toward “connected” buildings—in today’s Internet-of-Things (IoT) age the BAS extends to the cloud. Interoperability is another driving force in building automation; solutions that enable building owners and operators to combine equipment and applications from different suppliers—to avoid vendor lock-in—are also discussed. The content in this part of the chapter is relevant across the buildings sector. For illustration purposes, we discuss Honeywell systems that we are familiar with, especially the Enterprise Building Integrator (EBI) platform and the Tridium Niagara framework. The penetration of modern BASs is still largely limited to medium- and large-scale commercial buildings. Few light commercial buildings have systems of this sophistication (and cost). We also outline typical building control systems in use for light commercial. This building sector represents a major opportunity for new innovation—advanced control promises huge impact on energy efficiency, for example, provided that the technology can be delivered at low cost and is easy to deploy and operate by non-control-experts. The second part of the chapter discusses recent research projects in advanced control and related technologies that we have been involved with, most of which have now matured to the point of being deployed in buildings. Results from operational installations are described where available. We believe the controls research community can benefit from being better informed about the state of the art in building automation and control, with regard to the system platform as it exists and how it is evolving as well as to the algorithmic innovations that are being explored and applied in industry. We hope that, within the limitations of our experience and understanding, the content of this chapter will serve this purpose.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Industrial Control
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages11-43
Number of pages33
Edition9783319684611
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameAdvances in Industrial Control
Number9783319684611
ISSN (Print)1430-9491
ISSN (Electronic)2193-1577

Fingerprint

Automation
Industry
Energy efficiency
Carbon footprint
Energy management
Interoperability
Air conditioning
Ventilation
Costs
Computer systems
Actuators
Innovation
Control systems
Heating
Engineers
Controllers
Economics
Sensors

Cite this

Stluka, P., Parthasarathy, G., Gabel, S., & Samad, T. (2018). Architectures and algorithms for building automation—An industry view. In Advances in Industrial Control (9783319684611 ed., pp. 11-43). (Advances in Industrial Control; No. 9783319684611). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68462-8_2

Architectures and algorithms for building automation—An industry view. / Stluka, Petr; Parthasarathy, Girija; Gabel, Steve; Samad, Tariq.

Advances in Industrial Control. 9783319684611. ed. Springer International Publishing, 2018. p. 11-43 (Advances in Industrial Control; No. 9783319684611).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Stluka, P, Parthasarathy, G, Gabel, S & Samad, T 2018, Architectures and algorithms for building automation—An industry view. in Advances in Industrial Control. 9783319684611 edn, Advances in Industrial Control, no. 9783319684611, Springer International Publishing, pp. 11-43. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68462-8_2
Stluka P, Parthasarathy G, Gabel S, Samad T. Architectures and algorithms for building automation—An industry view. In Advances in Industrial Control. 9783319684611 ed. Springer International Publishing. 2018. p. 11-43. (Advances in Industrial Control; 9783319684611). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68462-8_2
Stluka, Petr ; Parthasarathy, Girija ; Gabel, Steve ; Samad, Tariq. / Architectures and algorithms for building automation—An industry view. Advances in Industrial Control. 9783319684611. ed. Springer International Publishing, 2018. pp. 11-43 (Advances in Industrial Control; 9783319684611).
@inbook{373c20fb7ebf498aacdcbc832f64bd8c,
title = "Architectures and algorithms for building automation—An industry view",
abstract = "Most of the content of this volume highlights new research developments in building automation, with an emphasis on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) control. This research is motivated by important industry and societal imperatives for improving the energy efficiency, carbon footprint, occupant comfort, and economics of building operation. Much needs to be done and control scientists and engineers have an important role to play. In this chapter, we hope to “ground” the research. The chapter consists of two primary parts. We first discuss the systems aspect of building automation systems (BASs). State-of-the-art BASs are large, complex, distributed systems. They connect to sensors, actuators, and low-level controllers; provide interfaces for operational, engineering, and management staff; and, increasingly, interconnect with other computer systems for enterprise-level applications such as facility management, energy management, and computerized maintenance management systems. A trend we highlight is the move toward “connected” buildings—in today’s Internet-of-Things (IoT) age the BAS extends to the cloud. Interoperability is another driving force in building automation; solutions that enable building owners and operators to combine equipment and applications from different suppliers—to avoid vendor lock-in—are also discussed. The content in this part of the chapter is relevant across the buildings sector. For illustration purposes, we discuss Honeywell systems that we are familiar with, especially the Enterprise Building Integrator (EBI) platform and the Tridium Niagara framework. The penetration of modern BASs is still largely limited to medium- and large-scale commercial buildings. Few light commercial buildings have systems of this sophistication (and cost). We also outline typical building control systems in use for light commercial. This building sector represents a major opportunity for new innovation—advanced control promises huge impact on energy efficiency, for example, provided that the technology can be delivered at low cost and is easy to deploy and operate by non-control-experts. The second part of the chapter discusses recent research projects in advanced control and related technologies that we have been involved with, most of which have now matured to the point of being deployed in buildings. Results from operational installations are described where available. We believe the controls research community can benefit from being better informed about the state of the art in building automation and control, with regard to the system platform as it exists and how it is evolving as well as to the algorithmic innovations that are being explored and applied in industry. We hope that, within the limitations of our experience and understanding, the content of this chapter will serve this purpose.",
author = "Petr Stluka and Girija Parthasarathy and Steve Gabel and Tariq Samad",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-68462-8_2",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Advances in Industrial Control",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",
number = "9783319684611",
pages = "11--43",
booktitle = "Advances in Industrial Control",
edition = "9783319684611",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Architectures and algorithms for building automation—An industry view

AU - Stluka, Petr

AU - Parthasarathy, Girija

AU - Gabel, Steve

AU - Samad, Tariq

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Most of the content of this volume highlights new research developments in building automation, with an emphasis on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) control. This research is motivated by important industry and societal imperatives for improving the energy efficiency, carbon footprint, occupant comfort, and economics of building operation. Much needs to be done and control scientists and engineers have an important role to play. In this chapter, we hope to “ground” the research. The chapter consists of two primary parts. We first discuss the systems aspect of building automation systems (BASs). State-of-the-art BASs are large, complex, distributed systems. They connect to sensors, actuators, and low-level controllers; provide interfaces for operational, engineering, and management staff; and, increasingly, interconnect with other computer systems for enterprise-level applications such as facility management, energy management, and computerized maintenance management systems. A trend we highlight is the move toward “connected” buildings—in today’s Internet-of-Things (IoT) age the BAS extends to the cloud. Interoperability is another driving force in building automation; solutions that enable building owners and operators to combine equipment and applications from different suppliers—to avoid vendor lock-in—are also discussed. The content in this part of the chapter is relevant across the buildings sector. For illustration purposes, we discuss Honeywell systems that we are familiar with, especially the Enterprise Building Integrator (EBI) platform and the Tridium Niagara framework. The penetration of modern BASs is still largely limited to medium- and large-scale commercial buildings. Few light commercial buildings have systems of this sophistication (and cost). We also outline typical building control systems in use for light commercial. This building sector represents a major opportunity for new innovation—advanced control promises huge impact on energy efficiency, for example, provided that the technology can be delivered at low cost and is easy to deploy and operate by non-control-experts. The second part of the chapter discusses recent research projects in advanced control and related technologies that we have been involved with, most of which have now matured to the point of being deployed in buildings. Results from operational installations are described where available. We believe the controls research community can benefit from being better informed about the state of the art in building automation and control, with regard to the system platform as it exists and how it is evolving as well as to the algorithmic innovations that are being explored and applied in industry. We hope that, within the limitations of our experience and understanding, the content of this chapter will serve this purpose.

AB - Most of the content of this volume highlights new research developments in building automation, with an emphasis on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) control. This research is motivated by important industry and societal imperatives for improving the energy efficiency, carbon footprint, occupant comfort, and economics of building operation. Much needs to be done and control scientists and engineers have an important role to play. In this chapter, we hope to “ground” the research. The chapter consists of two primary parts. We first discuss the systems aspect of building automation systems (BASs). State-of-the-art BASs are large, complex, distributed systems. They connect to sensors, actuators, and low-level controllers; provide interfaces for operational, engineering, and management staff; and, increasingly, interconnect with other computer systems for enterprise-level applications such as facility management, energy management, and computerized maintenance management systems. A trend we highlight is the move toward “connected” buildings—in today’s Internet-of-Things (IoT) age the BAS extends to the cloud. Interoperability is another driving force in building automation; solutions that enable building owners and operators to combine equipment and applications from different suppliers—to avoid vendor lock-in—are also discussed. The content in this part of the chapter is relevant across the buildings sector. For illustration purposes, we discuss Honeywell systems that we are familiar with, especially the Enterprise Building Integrator (EBI) platform and the Tridium Niagara framework. The penetration of modern BASs is still largely limited to medium- and large-scale commercial buildings. Few light commercial buildings have systems of this sophistication (and cost). We also outline typical building control systems in use for light commercial. This building sector represents a major opportunity for new innovation—advanced control promises huge impact on energy efficiency, for example, provided that the technology can be delivered at low cost and is easy to deploy and operate by non-control-experts. The second part of the chapter discusses recent research projects in advanced control and related technologies that we have been involved with, most of which have now matured to the point of being deployed in buildings. Results from operational installations are described where available. We believe the controls research community can benefit from being better informed about the state of the art in building automation and control, with regard to the system platform as it exists and how it is evolving as well as to the algorithmic innovations that are being explored and applied in industry. We hope that, within the limitations of our experience and understanding, the content of this chapter will serve this purpose.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85037618053&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85037618053&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-68462-8_2

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-68462-8_2

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:85037618053

T3 - Advances in Industrial Control

SP - 11

EP - 43

BT - Advances in Industrial Control

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -