Aquatic Invasive Species in the Great Lakes Region: An Overview

Luis E. Escobar, Sophie Mallez, Michael McCartney, Christine Lee, Daniel P. Zielinski, Ratna Ghosal, Przemyslaw G. Bajer, Carli Wagner, Becca Nash, Megan Tomamichel, Paul Venturelli, Prince P. Mathai, Adam Kokotovich, Joaquin Escobar-Dodero, Nicholas B.D. Phelps

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aquatic invasive species (AIS) are of concern in North America due to their devastating impacts on ecosystems and economies. The Great Lakes region is particularly vulnerable to AIS introduction and establishment with at least 184 nonindigenous species reported in this region from a large number of taxa including viruses, bacteria, diatoms, protozoa, arthropods, mollusks, fish, and plants. Representative species from these groups were explored, describing the features of their natural history and current efforts in prevention and control. Specifically, five AIS that are expected to spread to novel areas in the region are discussed: viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus and heterosporis (pathogens affecting fish), starry stonewort (an alga), zebra mussels (a bivalve), and carps (fishes). Novel strategies for AIS control include next-generation sequencing technologies, gene editing, mathematical modeling, risk assessment, microbiome studies for biological control, and human-dimension studies to address tensions related to AIS management. Currently, AIS research is evolving to adapt to known technologies and develop novel technologies to understand and prevent AIS spread. It was found that AIS control in this region requires a multidisciplinary approach focusing on the life history of the species (e.g., pheromones), adaptive management of anthropogenic structures (e.g., bubble curtains), and the integration of human dimensions to develop efficient management plans that integrate local citizens and management agencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-138
Number of pages18
JournalReviews in Fisheries Science and Aquaculture
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2018

Keywords

  • Aquatic invasive species
  • Great Lakes
  • heterosporis
  • starry stonewort
  • zebra mussels

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