Approaches to Serving Rural Older Adults in State Plans on Aging: A Policy Content Evaluation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Every state is required to submit a State Plan on Aging describing how it will use resources from the Older Americans Act (OAA), including a section specific to serving rural older adults. This paper describes a policy content evaluation of all 50 State Plans on Aging, focusing on Section 307(a)(10), which describes how states will serve rural older adults. We identified the most common and innovative approaches to using OAA funds to serve rural older adults across states. The most common information included about using OAA funds to serve rural older adults was describing the funding formula used to allocate resources. However, states varied in their definition of rural and in the details of their funding formulas. A minority of states also described additional approaches to serving rural older adults, including prioritizing Black, Indigenous, or rural residents of color; outreach; and targeted service delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This study was supported by the Federal Office of Rural Health Policy (FORHP), Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under PHS Grant No. U1CRH03717-13-00. The information, conclusions and opinions expressed in this manuscript are those of the authors and no endorsement by FORHP, HRSA, or HHS is intended or should be inferred.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • Older Americans Act
  • policy
  • rural
  • states

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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