Applying the new genomics to alcohol dependence

Sean P. Farris, Andrzej Z. Pietrzykowski, Michael F. Miles, Megan A. O'Brien, Pietro P. Sanna, Samir Zakhari, R. Dayne Mayfield, R. Adron Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

This review summarizes the proceedings of a symposium presented at the "Alcoholism and Stress: A Framework for Future Treatment Strategies" conference held in Volterra, Italy on May 6-9, 2014. The overall goal of the symposium titled "Applying the New Genomics to Alcohol Dependence", chaired by Dr. Adron Harris, was to highlight recent genomic discoveries and applications for profiling alcohol use disorder (AUD). Dr. Sean Farris discussed the gene expression networks related to lifetime consumption of alcohol within human prefrontal cortex. Dr. Andrzej Pietrzykowski presented the effects of alcohol on microRNAs in humans and animal models. Alcohol-induced alterations in the synaptic transcriptome were discussed by Dr. Michael Miles. Dr. Pietro Sanna examined methods to probe the gene regulatory networks that drive excessive alcohol drinking, and Dr. Samir Zakhari served as a panel discussant and summarized the proceedings. Collectively, the presentations emphasized the power of integrating multiple levels of genetics and transcriptomics with convergent biological processes and phenotypic behaviors to determine causal factors of AUD. The combined use of diverse data types demonstrates how unique approaches and applications can help categorize genetic complexities into relevant biological networks using a systems-level model of disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)825-836
Number of pages12
JournalAlcohol
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Epigenetics
  • Gene expression networks
  • MicroRNAs
  • RNA-Seq
  • Synaptic transcriptome
  • Systems biology

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