Applying the health promotion model to development of a worksite intervention

Sally L. Lusk, Brenda L. Eakin, Madeleine J. Kerr, David L. Ronis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Introduction. Consistent use of hearing protection devices (HPDs) decreases noise-induced hearing loss, however, many workers do not use them consistently. Past research has supported the need to use a conceptual framework to understand behaviors and guide intervention programs; however, few reports have specified a process to translate a conceptual model into an intervention. Purpose. The strongest predictors from the Health Promotion Model were used to design a training program to increase HPD use among construction workers. Subjects/Setting. Carpenters (n = 118), operating engineers (n = 109), and plumber/pipefitters (n = 129) in the Midwest were recruited to participate in the study. Design. Written questionnaires including scales measuring the components of the Health Promotion Model were completed in classroom settings at worker trade group meetings. Measures. All items from scales predicting HPD use were reviewed to determine the basis for the content of a program to promote the use of HPDs. Three selection criteria were developed; (1) correlation with use of hearing protection (at least .20), (2) amenability to change, and (3) room for improvement (mean score not at ceiling). Results. Linear regression and Pearson's correlation were used to assess the components of the model as predictors of HPD use. Five predictors had statistically significant regression coefficients: perceived noise exposure, self-efficacy, value of use, barriers to use, and modeling of use of hearing protection. Using items meeting the selection criteria, a 20- minute videotape with written handouts was developed as the core of an intervention. A clearly defined practice session was also incorporated in the training intervention. Conclusion. Determining salient factors for worker populations and specific protective equipment prior to designing an intervention is essential. These predictors provided the basis for a training program that addressed the specific needs for construction workers. Results of tests of the effectiveness of the program will be available in the near future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-227
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1999


  • Health promotion model
  • Hearing protector use
  • Predictor-based training
  • Predictors of behavior
  • Worksite intervention


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