Applying evolutionary biology to address global challenges

Scott P. Carroll, Peter Søgaard Jørgensen, Michael T. Kinnison, Carl T. Bergstrom, R. Ford Denison, Peter Gluckman, Thomas B. Smith, Sharon Y. Strauss, Bruce E. Tabashnik

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    136 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Two categories of evolutionary challenges result from escalating human impacts on the planet. The first arises from cancers, pathogens, and pests that evolve too quickly and the second, from the inability of many valued species to adapt quickly enough. Applied evolutionary biology provides a suite of strategies to address these global challenges that threaten human health, food security, and biodiversity. This Review highlights both progress and gaps in genetic, developmental, and environmental manipulations across the life sciences that either target the rate and direction of evolution or reduce the mismatch between organisms and human-altered environments. Increased development and application of these underused tools will be vital in meeting current and future targets for sustainable development.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Article number1245993
    JournalScience
    Volume346
    Issue number6207
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 17 2014

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