The underwater terrain of a reservoir can experience significant changes due to the effects of erosion and siltation during decades of operation. Therefore, existing topographic data no longer reflect current reservoir terrains and need to be updated. In this paper, we propose a fast and economical method for updating the topography of a reservoir. According to multi-source data fusion, we effectively integrated sonar sounding data, cartographic data, and manual measurement data to update and reconstruct the bottom topography of a reservoir in Northeast China. By comparing the updated topography with the measured elevation, the average error of the simulation results is only 0.56%, which shows that the updated topography can accurately reflect the actual topography of the reservoir. Furthermore, by using the surface volume tool in ArcGIS, we developed the original and updated the elevation and volume curves of the reservoir. Finally, the amount of silting and its distribution in the reservoir were obtained by calculating the difference between the original and updated elevation and volume curves. The results show that the total sedimentation volume in the researching reservoir is about 4.3 million m3, which is mainly concentrated in the areas with an elevation below 50 m and above 60 m.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This research was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, grant number 51879031.
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Distribution of siltation
- Multi-source data fusion
- Reservoir topography
- Terrain update