The structures of representative bicyclic peptides are confirmed through the NMR methods of HMBC and HMQC-TOCSY. Complete assignment of proton and carbon resonances is afforded by these two-dimensional NMR methods. HMQC-TOCSY is especially useful for assigning spectra in molecules having extensive proton spin systems and in establishing connectivities between protonated carbons. Long-range proton-carbon connectivities obtained by HMBC confirm structure in molecules containing heteroatoms or non-protonated carbons that interrupt proton spin systems.
- bicyclic peptides