Application of evidence-based recommendations for heat acclimation

Individual and team sport perspectives

J. Luke Pryor, Evan C. Johnson, William O Roberts, Riana R. Pryor

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heat acclimation or acclimatization (HA) occurs with repeated exposure to heat inducing adaptations that enhance thermoregulatory mechanisms and heat tolerance leading to improved exercise performance in warm-to-hot conditions. HA is an essential heat safety and performance enhancement strategy in preparation for competitions in warm-to-hot conditions for both individual and team sports. Yet, some data indicate HA is an underutilized pre-competition intervention in athletes despite the well-known benefits; possibly due to a lack of practical information provided to athletes and coaches. Therefore, the aim of this review is to provide actionable evidence-based implementation strategies and protocols to induce and sustain HA. We propose the following suggestions to circumvent potential implementation barriers: 1) incorporate multiple induction methods during the initial acclimation period, 2) complete HA 1–3 weeks before competition in the heat to avoid training and logistical conflicts during the taper period, and 3) minimize adaptation decay through intermittent exercise-heat exposure or re-acclimating immediately prior to competition with 2–4 consecutive days of exercise-heat training. Use of these strategies may be desirable or necessary to optimize HA induction and retention around existing training or logistical requirements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-49
Number of pages13
JournalTemperature
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2019

Fingerprint

Acclimatization
Sports
Hot Temperature
Exercise
Athletes
Safety
Thermotolerance

Keywords

  • adaptation
  • exercise-heat stress
  • Heat acclimatization
  • passive heat stress
  • performance

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

Cite this

Application of evidence-based recommendations for heat acclimation : Individual and team sport perspectives. / Pryor, J. Luke; Johnson, Evan C.; Roberts, William O; Pryor, Riana R.

In: Temperature, Vol. 6, No. 1, 02.01.2019, p. 37-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Pryor, J. Luke ; Johnson, Evan C. ; Roberts, William O ; Pryor, Riana R. / Application of evidence-based recommendations for heat acclimation : Individual and team sport perspectives. In: Temperature. 2019 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 37-49.
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