Application of an Intersectional Lens to Bias-Based Bullying Among LGBTQ+ Youth of Color in the United States

Amy L. Gower, G. Nic Rider, Ana María del Río-González, Paige J. Erickson, De’Shay Thomas, Stephen T. Russell, Ryan J. Watson, Marla E Eisenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Bias-based bullying influences health, academic success, and social well-being. However, little quantitative work takes an intersectional perspective to understand bias-based bullying among youth with marginalized social positions, which is critical to prevention. This article describes the application of exhaustive chisquare automatic interaction detection (CHAID) to understand how the prevalence of race-, gender-, and sexual orientation-based bullying varies for youth with different intersecting social positions. We used two data sets—the 2019 Minnesota Student Survey (MSS; N = 80,456) and the 2017–2019 California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS; N = 512,067). Students self-reported sex assigned at birth, sexual orientation, gender identity, race/ethnicity, and presence of any race-, gender-, and sexual orientation-based bullying (MSS: past 30 days, CHKS: past 12 months). Exhaustive CHAID with a Bonferroni correction, a recommended approach for large, quantitative intersectionality research, was used for analyses. Exhaustive CHAID analyses identified a number of nodes of intersecting social positions with particularly high prevalences of bias-based bullying. Across both data sets, with varying timeframes and question wording, and all three forms of bias-based bullying, youth who identified as transgender, gender diverse, or were questioning their gender and also held other marginalized social positions were frequent targets of all forms of bias-based bullying. More work is needed to understand how systems of oppression work together to influence schoolbased bullying experiences. Effective prevention programs to improve the health of youth with marginalized social positions must acknowledge the complex and overlapping ways bias and stigma interact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-371
Number of pages9
JournalStigma and Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 20 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the National Institutes of Health under Award Number R01MD015722 to Marla E. Eisenberg, and the National Institutes of Drug Abuse under Award Number K01DA047918 to Ryan J. Watson. It was also supported by a Grant awarded to the Population Research Center at the University of Texas at Austin (P2CHD042849) by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. Sponsors had no role in the study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing of the report; or decision to submit the article for publication. The California Healthy Kids Surveywas developed by WestEd under contract with the California Department of Education. Minnesota Student Survey data were provided by public school students in Minnesota via local public school districts and managed by the Minnesota Student Survey Interagency Team

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Psychological Association


  • adolescence
  • bias-based bullying
  • gender identity
  • intersectionality
  • sexual orientation


Dive into the research topics of 'Application of an Intersectional Lens to Bias-Based Bullying Among LGBTQ+ Youth of Color in the United States'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this