Anxiety Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence: A Critical Review

GAIL A. BERNSTEIN, CARRIE M. BORCHARDT

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169 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 1980s were a decade of advancement in the knowledge of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents; this sets the stage for research achievements in the 1990s. This review examines the anxiety disorders of childhood and adolescence (scparation anxiety disorder, overanxious disorder, and avoidant disorder), including prevalence rates, demographic profiles, comparisons of clinical presentations in different developmental age groups, and comorbidity patterns. Fears and simple phobias, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and panic disorder in children and adolescents are also evaluated. The controversy of whether panic attacks occur in prepubertal children is addressed. A brief review of behavioral and pharmacological treatment studies is included. Future directions for research are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-532
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Keywords

  • anxiety disorders
  • avoidant disorder
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • overanxious disorder
  • panic disorder
  • post-traumatic stress disorder
  • separation anxiety disorder
  • simple phobia

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