Antioxidant oils and salmonella enterica typhimurium reduce tumor in an experimental model of hepatic metastasis

Brent S. Sorenson, Kaysie L Banton, Lance B Augustin, Arnold S. Leonard, Daniel A Saltzman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fruit seeds high in antioxidants have been shown to have anticancer properties and enhance host protection against microbial infection. Recently we showed that a single oral dose of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium expressing a truncated human interleukin-2 gene (SalpIL2) is avirulent, immunogenic, and reduces hepatic metastases through increased natural killer cell populations in mice. To determine whether antioxidant compounds enhance the antitumor effect seen in SalpIL2-treated animals, we assayed black cumin (BC), black raspberry (BR), and milk thistle (MT) seed oils for the ability to reduce experimental hepatic metastases in mice. In animals without tumor, BC and BR oil diets altered the kinetics of the splenic lymphocyte response to SalpIL2. Consistent with previous reports, BR and BC seed oils demonstrated independent antitumor properties and moderate adjuvant potential with SalpIL2. MT oil, however, inhibited the efficacy of SalpIL2 in our model. Based on these data, we conclude that a diet high in antioxidant oils promoted a more robust immune response to SalpIL2, thus enhancing its antitumor efficacy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-69
Number of pages11
JournalOncoTargets and Therapy
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2011

Keywords

  • Antioxidants
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Metastasis
  • Tumor models

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