Antigenic cross-reactivity among avian pneumoviruses of subgroups A, B, and C at the matrix but not nucleocapsid proteins

Humphrey C.M. Lwamba, David A. Halvorson, Kakambi V. Nagaraja, Elizabeth A. Turpin, David Swayne, Bruce S. Seal, M. Kariuki Njenga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Earlier findings from our laboratory based on analysis of nucleotide and predicted amino acid sequence identities of 15 avian pneumoviruses (APVs) isolated from the United States (subgroup C) demonstrated that the viruses were phylogenetically separated from the European subgroup A and subgroup B viruses. Here, we investigated whether viruses from the three subgroups were cross-reactive by testing field sera positive for each of the APV subgroups in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test with recombinant matrix (M) and nucleoprotein (N) proteins generated from a Minnesota APV isolate (APV/ MN2A). Sera from turkeys infected with APV subgroup A, B, or C reacted with recombinant M protein derived from APV/MN2A. In contrast, recombinant N protein from APV/MN2A virus was reactive with sera from subtypes A and C viruses but not from subtype B virus. The results illustrate that viruses from the three APV subtypes share antigenic homology, and the M protein--based ELISA is adequate for monitoring APV outbreaks but not for distinguishing between different subtypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)725-729
Number of pages5
JournalAvian diseases
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • Antigenic cross-reactivity
  • Nucleotide identity
  • Predicted amino acid identity
  • Subgroup

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