Antigen processing and MHC-II presentation by dermal and tumor-infiltrating dendritic cells

Michael Y. Gerner, Matthew F. Mescher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

MHC-II presentation by dendritic cells (DC) is necessary both for initial priming of CD4 T cells and for induction of peripheral effector function. Although CD4 T cells can be critical for competent immunization-mediated cancer immunosurveillance, unmanipulated CD4 T cell responses to poorly immunogenic tumors result in either complete ignorance or tolerance induction, suggesting inadequate DC function. In this study, we investigated the phenotype, Ag uptake, and MHC-II presentation capacity of normal dermal DC and tumor-infiltrating DC (TIDC) in both lymphoid and peripheral sites. We found that murine tumors were extensively infiltrated by partially activated TIDC that closely resembled dermal DC by surface marker expression. However, in contrast to dermal DC, TIDC were inefficient at MHC-II presentation due to poor intrinsic protein uptake capability. This resulted in both inferior initiation of T cell responses in the draining lymph node and poor peripheral effector cell accumulation. In addition, TLR stimulation selectively enhanced MHC-II presentation of Ag by dermal DC, but not TIDC in the draining lymph node, and did not affect overall peripheral Ag uptake of either. These results show that TIDC are functionally distinct from normal interstitial DC, thus indicating that neoplastic tissues can evade effector CD4 T cells through modification of DC competence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2726-2737
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume182
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009

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