A double-antibody sandwich ELISA (DAS-ELISA) was developed for detection of avian influenza virus (AIV) antigen. A monoclonal antibody to the viral nucleoprotein (NP) was used to coat the ELISA plates. A direct DAS-ELISA and an indirect DAS-ELISA were evaluated. In the direct DAS-ELISA, monoclonal antibody to the AIV NP conjugated with horseradish peroxidase was used. The direct DAS-ELISA was evaluated for its sensitivity to detect purified NP; this procedure detected as little as 0.1 ng. In the indirect DAS-ELISA, rabbit NP antibody and horseradish peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-rabbit immunoglobin were used as primary and secondary antibodies, respectively. The indirect DAS-ELISA was evaluated for its ability to detect the AIV antigen in tracheal and cloacal specimens from turkeys inoculated with AIV. Results of indirect DAS-ELISA were compared with those of conventional virus isolation. Percentage agreement between indirect DAS-ELISA and virus isolation in AIV-positive samples was found to be 76.1% and, in AIV-negative samples, it was found to be 82.1%. These results indicate that the DAS-ELISA might be a viable alternative to virus isolation because of its rapidity, compared with virus isolation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American journal of veterinary research|
|State||Published - Sep 1993|