The presence of anti-GOR was determined in paired pre-orthotopic liver transplantation (pre-OLT) and post-OLT sera from 87 OLT patients with hepatitis C virus infection. Before OLT, 48/87 patients were seropositive for anti-GOR, but this marker had no relationship with the clinical and biochemical parameters, or viremia level. Anti-GOR was less commonly detected in patients infected with genotype 3a, compared with genotypes 1 and 2, which might be related to the less conserved nature of the proposed shared epitope (amino acid sequence 9-18) in genotype 3a isolates. After OLT (median follow- up 16 months), anti-GOR was detected in 31/87 patients and it had no correlation with the clinical and biochemical parameters, viremia level, histologic disease activity, and clinical outcome. Changes in anti-GOR status (before OLT versus after OLT) were also not related to any of the clinical parameters. Although anti-GOR is commonly detected in OLT patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotypes 1 and 2, it has no clinical or prognostic significance.