Antibiotic uptake by vegetable crops from manure-applied soils

Dong Hee Kang, Satish C Gupta, Carl J Rosen, Vincent Fritz, Ashok K Singh, Yogesh Chander, Helene Murray, Charlie Rohwer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

124 Scopus citations


This study quantified the uptake of five antibiotics (chlortetracycline, monensin, sulfamethazine, tylosin, and virginiamycin) by 11 vegetable crops in two different soils that were fertilized with raw versus composted turkey and hog manures or inorganic fertilizer. Almost all vegetables showed some uptake of antibiotics from manure treatments. However, statistical testing showed that except for a few isolated treatments the concentrations of all antibiotics in vegetable tissues were generally less than the limits of quantification. Further testing of the significant treatments showed that antibiotic concentrations in vegetables from many of these treatments were not significantly different than the corresponding concentrations from the fertilizer treatment (matrix effect). All five antibiotic concentrations in the studied vegetables were <10 μg kg-1. On the basis of the standards for maximum residue levels in animal tissues and suggested maximum daily intake based on body weight, this concentration would not pose any health risk unless one is allergic to that particular antibiotic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9992-10001
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
Issue number42
StatePublished - Oct 23 2013


  • Organic agriculture
  • animal agriculture
  • antibiotics
  • composting
  • manure


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