Anti-fibrin antibody binding in valvular vegetations and kidney lesions during experimental endocarditis

M. Yokota, D. L. Basi, M. C. Herzberg, M. W. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

In Streptococcus sanguinis (sanguis) induced experimental endocarditis, we sought evidence that the development of aortic valvular vegetation depends on the availability of fibrin. Endocarditis was induced in New Zealand white rabbits by catheter placement into the left ventricle and inoculation of the bacteria. Fibrin was localized in the developing vegetation with 99mTechnetium (Tc)-labeled anti-fibrin antibody one or three days later. When rabbit anti-fibrin antibody was given intravenously on day 1, the mass of aortic valvular vegetation was significantly reduced at day 3; infusion of non-specific rabbit IgG showed no effect. The 99mTc-labeled anti-fibrin antibody also labeled kidneys that showed macroscopic subcapsular hemorrhage. To learn if the deposition of fibrin in the kidneys was a consequence of endocarditis required a comparison of farm-bred and specific pathogen-free rabbits before and after the induction of endocarditis. Before induction, the kidneys of farm-bred rabbits were labeled, but specific pathogen-free rabbits were free of labeling and signs of macroscopic hemorrhage. After 3 days of endocarditis, kidneys of 10 of 14 specific pathogen-free rabbits labeled with 99mTc-labeled anti-fibrin antibody and showed hemorrhage. Kidney lesions were suggested to be a frequent sequellae of S. sanguinis infective endocarditis. For the first time, fibrin was shown to be required for the continued development of aortic valvular vegetations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-707
Number of pages9
JournalMicrobiology and Immunology
Volume45
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Anti-fibrin antibody
  • Endocarditis
  • Fibrin
  • Streptococcus sanguinis (sanguis)

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