The inoculation of antigens into the anterior chamber (AC) of the eye induces an antigen-specific immune response that inhibits delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH). This regulatory response is known as anterior chamber-associated immune deviation (ACAID). The ACAID response appears to be complex, as it can be elicited by a wide variety of soluble and cell-associated antigens, including foreign, self, tumor, and alloantigens. To evaluate the contribution of Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) interaction to the induction of ACAID to alloantigens, gld and lpr mutant mice were used in conjunction with normal C3H, MRL, and BALB/c mice. ACAID was induced by inoculation of non-irradiated splenocytes from donor mice into the AC of various recipients. After 1 week, recipients were primed intradermally with donor splenocytes. One week later DTH was measured by ear swelling. C3Hgld mutants lacking functional FasL did not develop ACAID after the AC inoculation of BALB/c splenocytes. Conversely, the AC inoculation sensitized these mutants. MRLlpr mutants, which lack Fas, developed ACAID following inoculation of BALB/c cells. AC inoculation of lpr splenocytes did not induce ACAID, but sensitized C3H recipients. Treatment of the AC inoculum with an anti-Fas antibody blocked ACAID induction in a transient manner, as the recipients developed ACAID later. These results show that interaction of the Fas and FasL is required to induce ACAID to allogeneic cells. In the absence of Fas expression on donor splenocytes, or FasL expression by the recipient, AC inoculation primes for a DTH response rather than inducing ACAID.
- Anterior chamber-associated immune deviation
- Delayed-type hypersensitivity
- Fas ligand