Antenatal corticosteroid exposure reduces renal function and alters the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system to favor angiotensin activation of angiotensin type 1 receptor (AT1R) mediated responses in ovine offspring. This study aimed to assess whether antenatal steroid exposure would affect renal responses to the direct intrarenal infusion of angiotensin-(1-7) in rams and the angiotensin receptors involved in mediating responses to the peptide.Adult, uninephrectomized rams exposed to either betamethasone or vehicle before birth received intrarenal angiotensin-(1-7) infusions (1 ng/kg/min) alone or in combination with antagonists to angiotensin receptors for 3 h. Basal sodium excretion (UNa) was significantly lower and mean arterial pressure was significantly higher in betamethasone- compared to the vehicle-treated sheep. Angiotensin-(1-7) decreased UNa more in betamethasone- than in vehicle-treated sheep. Candesartan reversed the response to angiotensin-(1-7) but D-Ala7-angiotensin-(1-7) did not. Angiotensin-(1-7) infusion decreased effective renal plasma flow in both groups to a similar extent and the response was reversed by candesartan, but was not blocked by D-Ala7-angiotensin-(1-7). Glomerular filtration rate increased significantly in both groups after 3 h infusion of angiotensin-(1-7) plus candesartan. These results suggest that antenatal exposure to a clinically relevant dose of betamethasone impairs renal function in rams. Moreover, angiotensin-(1-7) appears capable of activating the AT1R in uninephrectomized rams.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||JRAAS - Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System|
|State||Published - Dec 2013|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by National Institutes of Health, Grants HD-47584 and HD-17644.
- antenatal betamethasone
- programming hypertension
- sodium excretion
- unilateral nephrectomy