Anomalous Cooling-Rate-Dependent Charge Transport in Electrolyte-Gated Rubrene Crystals

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Although electrolyte gating has been demonstrated to enable control of electronic phase transitions in many materials, long sought-after gate-induced insulator-metal transitions in organic semiconductors remain elusive. To better understand limiting factors in this regard, here we report detailed wide-range resistance-temperature (R-T) measurements at multiple gate voltages on ionic-liquid-gated rubrene single crystals. Focusing on the previously observed high-bias regime where conductance anomalously decreases with increasing bias magnitude, we uncover two surprising (and related) features. First, distinctly cooling-rate-dependent transport is detected for the first time. Second, power law R-T is observed over a significant T window, which is highly unusual in an insulator. These features are discussed in terms of electronic disorder at the rubrene/ionic liquid interface influenced by (i) cooling-rate-dependent structural order in the ionic liquid and (ii) the intriguing possibility of a gate-induced glassy short-range charge-ordered state in rubrene. These results expose new physics at the gated rubrene surface, pointing to exciting new directions in the field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4828-4833
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volume9
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2018

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Ionic liquids
Ionic Liquids
Electrolytes
Charge transfer
electrolytes
Cooling
cooling
Crystals
liquids
insulators
crystals
Metal insulator transition
Semiconducting organic compounds
organic semiconductors
electronics
Temperature measurement
temperature measurement
Physics
Phase transitions
transition metals

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Anomalous Cooling-Rate-Dependent Charge Transport in Electrolyte-Gated Rubrene Crystals. / Ren, Xinglong; Frisbie, Daniel; Leighton, Chris.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 9, No. 17, 06.09.2018, p. 4828-4833.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Although electrolyte gating has been demonstrated to enable control of electronic phase transitions in many materials, long sought-after gate-induced insulator-metal transitions in organic semiconductors remain elusive. To better understand limiting factors in this regard, here we report detailed wide-range resistance-temperature (R-T) measurements at multiple gate voltages on ionic-liquid-gated rubrene single crystals. Focusing on the previously observed high-bias regime where conductance anomalously decreases with increasing bias magnitude, we uncover two surprising (and related) features. First, distinctly cooling-rate-dependent transport is detected for the first time. Second, power law R-T is observed over a significant T window, which is highly unusual in an insulator. These features are discussed in terms of electronic disorder at the rubrene/ionic liquid interface influenced by (i) cooling-rate-dependent structural order in the ionic liquid and (ii) the intriguing possibility of a gate-induced glassy short-range charge-ordered state in rubrene. These results expose new physics at the gated rubrene surface, pointing to exciting new directions in the field.

AB - Although electrolyte gating has been demonstrated to enable control of electronic phase transitions in many materials, long sought-after gate-induced insulator-metal transitions in organic semiconductors remain elusive. To better understand limiting factors in this regard, here we report detailed wide-range resistance-temperature (R-T) measurements at multiple gate voltages on ionic-liquid-gated rubrene single crystals. Focusing on the previously observed high-bias regime where conductance anomalously decreases with increasing bias magnitude, we uncover two surprising (and related) features. First, distinctly cooling-rate-dependent transport is detected for the first time. Second, power law R-T is observed over a significant T window, which is highly unusual in an insulator. These features are discussed in terms of electronic disorder at the rubrene/ionic liquid interface influenced by (i) cooling-rate-dependent structural order in the ionic liquid and (ii) the intriguing possibility of a gate-induced glassy short-range charge-ordered state in rubrene. These results expose new physics at the gated rubrene surface, pointing to exciting new directions in the field.

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