Annual legumes as green manure and forage crops in winter canola (Brassica napus L.) rotations

Anil Shrestha, Oran B. Hesterman, Lawrence O. Copeland, John M. Squire, John W. Fisk, Craig C. Sheaffer

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11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cropping systems that reduce chemical fertilizer N requirements in winter canola (Brassica napus L.) need further study. Studies were conducted in 1994/1995 and 1995/1996 at two locations in Michigan i) to quantify the N accumulated at plowdown by berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.), alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and three annual medic species (Medicago truncatula Gaertn., M. polymorpha L., and M. scutellata L.) when they were managed as green manure or managed as forage; ii) to compare N response of the winter canola crop following the legumes; and iii) to estimate the N fertilizer replacement value (FRV) of the legumes. The legumes were seeded in early May in both years. Winter canola was planted after legume plowdown 90 d after planting (DAP). N ha-1) were applied to the winter canola in early spring. Herbage N yield at plowdown was Four N rates (0, 50, 100, and 150 kg highest (103.9 kg N ha-1) in berseem clover managed as green manure and this treatment resulted in the highest winter canola yield in 1995, but treatment differences were not significant in 1996. A supplementary effect of some treatments on winter canola yield was observed in 1995. Fertilizer N had a similar effect on winter canola yield across all treatments, and resulted in a quadratic response in 1995 and a linear response in 1996. Winter canola grain yield following annual legumes managed as green manure or as forage were similar. Winter canola yield following berseem clover was higher than when following annual medics. No FRV of legumes on winter canola was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Plant Science
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1999

Keywords

  • Annual medics
  • Berseem clover
  • Brassica napus L.
  • Crop rotation
  • Green manure
  • Medicago spp.
  • Trifolium alexandrinum L.
  • Winter canola

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