Angiopeptin (AP: BIM23014C), a cyclic analogue of the peptide hormone somatostatin, inhibits intimal hyperplasia after balloon angioplasty. This inhibition has been attributed to a direct inhibitory effect on smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. However, the SMC that proliferate in the intima and contribute to intimal hyperplasia arrive there by migrating from the injured media, suggesting that SMC migration may also play an important role in this process. Indeed, in the experiments we describe, AP inhibited the migration of rat aortic SMC cells (RA-SMC) in response to type I collagen, the predominant form of collagen in the vessel media, and did so dose dependently. RA-SMC migration was inhibited 70% in the presence of AP 100 nM. RA-SMC adhesion to type I collagen in these conditions was not inhibited, suggesting that AP does not interfere with RA-SMC recognition of type I collagen; instead, it blocks subsequent signaling events that are necessary for RA-SMC migration in response to type I collagen. AP inhibited the forskolin-stimulated accumulation of cyclic AMP by RA-SMC (35% at 30 nM). In addition, pertussis toxin (PT), which blocks Gi-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, blocked the inhibitory effect of AP on cyclic AMP (cAMP) accumulation and also blocked the inhibitory effect of AP on RA-SMC migration. These findings suggest that the inhibitory effect of AP on intimal hyperplasia is due at least in part to its effects on SMC migration and that these effects are mediated by a Grdependent pathway and may involve inhibition of adenylyl cyclase and cAMP accumulation.
- Intimai hyperplasia
- Vascular smooth muscle