Gliomas are common primary central nervous system neoplasms of dogs and cats, but atypical glioma subtypes are rare. Herein we report an angiocentric astrocytoma in a 15-y-old spayed female domestic shorthaired cat that was euthanized after therapy-resistant seizures. Gross anatomic changes consisted of swelling of the rostral leptomeninges over the olfactory bulbs and rostral telencephalon. Histologically, polygonal-to-elongate atypical neoplastic cells were arranged along perivascular spaces within these areas. Neoplastic cells were positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein, S100 protein, and vimentin. Ultrastructurally, round-to-elongate neoplastic cells emitting long processes with aggregates of intermediary filaments expanded and occupied the spaces between the vascular basement membrane and the glia limitans; nuclei had marginal and central heterochromatin. Tight junctions connected the plasma membrane of neighboring cells. The cell morphology, immunohistochemistry, and ultrastructural findings were consistent with an astrocytoma; the exclusive perivascular arrangement of neoplastic cells with no parenchymal mass warranted the diagnosis of angiocentric astrocytoma.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Nicole Young (Histology Laboratory, Department of Pathology, University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine) for the outstanding support with immunohistochemistry. The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
© 2019 The Author(s).