Ancestral feeding and survival of offspring in European corn borer

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Abstract

Experiments were conducted to evaluate the influence of ancestral adult feeding by European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), on larval survival in the field and neonate movement behavior in laboratory. Larval survival was higher when either the grandparental or parental generation had fed, but the feeding sites of the surviving larvae were not affected by ancestral feeding condition. This is the first evidence that grandparental feeding could influence larval survival in the field. Larval movement was observed in the laboratory. Silking speed of neonates was faster when either grandparents or parents had fed, while walking speed was faster only when parents had fed. No broad-sense genetic correlation was found between silking speed and walking speed. Broad-sense heritability among feeding histories were not significant for silking speed, but was significantly greater than zero for walking speed when grandparents fed and parents did not. These intergenerational effects could induce complex population dynamics in this species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-122
Number of pages8
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume103
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2002

Keywords

  • Ancestral feeding
  • Crambidae
  • European corn borer
  • Lepidoptera
  • Parental effects

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