Analytical modeling of MMCs with asymmetric cell voltages for utility-scale renewable energy integration

Abhijit Kshirsagar, Anushree Ramanath, Jeyaram Durga Manian Deivanayagam, Sreekanth Thamballa, Ned Mohan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs) have been popular in high voltage power conversion applications because they use a number of modules with relatively low voltage ratings to be cascaded to achieve high voltage operation. In HVDC transmission, for instance, a large number of modules are required to reach the desired operating voltage. Recent research has focused on using MMCs in medium voltage applications to interface renewable energy sources to the distribution grid at voltage levels of up to 35kV. Asymmetric voltages have been used with great success in conventional multilevel inverter topologies to lower the total device count, thereby resulting in a lower total system cost and complexity. MMCs with asymmetric voltages in a 2:1 ratio have been proposed but require complex voltage balancing schemes. Asymmetric multilevel inverters with other voltage ratios (such as 3:1) have been shown to have potentially lower device counts than topologies with 2:1 ratios. However, conventional modulation schemes do not scale to MMCs with 3:1 voltage ratios. This paper presents a generalized analytical model and control scheme for asymmetric MMCs using space-vectors. Capacitor voltages are balanced by a combination of common-mode and differential-mode offsets in the modulating signal. A scalable, level-shifted carrier based modulation scheme is used which eliminates recursive timing calculations. The proposed scheme is modeled in MATLAB/Simulink and the simulation results are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728118420
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Event20th IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019 - Toronto, Canada
Duration: Jun 17 2019Jun 20 2019

Publication series

Name2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019

Conference

Conference20th IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019
CountryCanada
CityToronto
Period6/17/196/20/19

Fingerprint

Analytical Modeling
Renewable Energy
Converter
Voltage
Cell
Electric potential
Count
Modulation
Topology
Module
Low Voltage
Inverter
Matlab/Simulink
Capacitor
Vector spaces
Balancing
Analytical Model
Vector space
Timing
MATLAB

Keywords

  • Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs)
  • asymmetric cell voltage
  • renewable energy integration
  • space vector analysis

Cite this

Kshirsagar, A., Ramanath, A., Deivanayagam, J. D. M., Thamballa, S., & Mohan, N. (2019). Analytical modeling of MMCs with asymmetric cell voltages for utility-scale renewable energy integration. In 2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019 [8769629] (2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/COMPEL.2019.8769629

Analytical modeling of MMCs with asymmetric cell voltages for utility-scale renewable energy integration. / Kshirsagar, Abhijit; Ramanath, Anushree; Deivanayagam, Jeyaram Durga Manian; Thamballa, Sreekanth; Mohan, Ned.

2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. 8769629 (2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kshirsagar, A, Ramanath, A, Deivanayagam, JDM, Thamballa, S & Mohan, N 2019, Analytical modeling of MMCs with asymmetric cell voltages for utility-scale renewable energy integration. in 2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019., 8769629, 2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 20th IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019, Toronto, Canada, 6/17/19. https://doi.org/10.1109/COMPEL.2019.8769629
Kshirsagar A, Ramanath A, Deivanayagam JDM, Thamballa S, Mohan N. Analytical modeling of MMCs with asymmetric cell voltages for utility-scale renewable energy integration. In 2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2019. 8769629. (2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019). https://doi.org/10.1109/COMPEL.2019.8769629
Kshirsagar, Abhijit ; Ramanath, Anushree ; Deivanayagam, Jeyaram Durga Manian ; Thamballa, Sreekanth ; Mohan, Ned. / Analytical modeling of MMCs with asymmetric cell voltages for utility-scale renewable energy integration. 2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2019. (2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019).
@inproceedings{d2502e44804441bfacbcae586d9d7918,
title = "Analytical modeling of MMCs with asymmetric cell voltages for utility-scale renewable energy integration",
abstract = "Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs) have been popular in high voltage power conversion applications because they use a number of modules with relatively low voltage ratings to be cascaded to achieve high voltage operation. In HVDC transmission, for instance, a large number of modules are required to reach the desired operating voltage. Recent research has focused on using MMCs in medium voltage applications to interface renewable energy sources to the distribution grid at voltage levels of up to 35kV. Asymmetric voltages have been used with great success in conventional multilevel inverter topologies to lower the total device count, thereby resulting in a lower total system cost and complexity. MMCs with asymmetric voltages in a 2:1 ratio have been proposed but require complex voltage balancing schemes. Asymmetric multilevel inverters with other voltage ratios (such as 3:1) have been shown to have potentially lower device counts than topologies with 2:1 ratios. However, conventional modulation schemes do not scale to MMCs with 3:1 voltage ratios. This paper presents a generalized analytical model and control scheme for asymmetric MMCs using space-vectors. Capacitor voltages are balanced by a combination of common-mode and differential-mode offsets in the modulating signal. A scalable, level-shifted carrier based modulation scheme is used which eliminates recursive timing calculations. The proposed scheme is modeled in MATLAB/Simulink and the simulation results are presented.",
keywords = "Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs), asymmetric cell voltage, renewable energy integration, space vector analysis",
author = "Abhijit Kshirsagar and Anushree Ramanath and Deivanayagam, {Jeyaram Durga Manian} and Sreekanth Thamballa and Ned Mohan",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1109/COMPEL.2019.8769629",
language = "English (US)",
series = "2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",
booktitle = "2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Analytical modeling of MMCs with asymmetric cell voltages for utility-scale renewable energy integration

AU - Kshirsagar, Abhijit

AU - Ramanath, Anushree

AU - Deivanayagam, Jeyaram Durga Manian

AU - Thamballa, Sreekanth

AU - Mohan, Ned

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs) have been popular in high voltage power conversion applications because they use a number of modules with relatively low voltage ratings to be cascaded to achieve high voltage operation. In HVDC transmission, for instance, a large number of modules are required to reach the desired operating voltage. Recent research has focused on using MMCs in medium voltage applications to interface renewable energy sources to the distribution grid at voltage levels of up to 35kV. Asymmetric voltages have been used with great success in conventional multilevel inverter topologies to lower the total device count, thereby resulting in a lower total system cost and complexity. MMCs with asymmetric voltages in a 2:1 ratio have been proposed but require complex voltage balancing schemes. Asymmetric multilevel inverters with other voltage ratios (such as 3:1) have been shown to have potentially lower device counts than topologies with 2:1 ratios. However, conventional modulation schemes do not scale to MMCs with 3:1 voltage ratios. This paper presents a generalized analytical model and control scheme for asymmetric MMCs using space-vectors. Capacitor voltages are balanced by a combination of common-mode and differential-mode offsets in the modulating signal. A scalable, level-shifted carrier based modulation scheme is used which eliminates recursive timing calculations. The proposed scheme is modeled in MATLAB/Simulink and the simulation results are presented.

AB - Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs) have been popular in high voltage power conversion applications because they use a number of modules with relatively low voltage ratings to be cascaded to achieve high voltage operation. In HVDC transmission, for instance, a large number of modules are required to reach the desired operating voltage. Recent research has focused on using MMCs in medium voltage applications to interface renewable energy sources to the distribution grid at voltage levels of up to 35kV. Asymmetric voltages have been used with great success in conventional multilevel inverter topologies to lower the total device count, thereby resulting in a lower total system cost and complexity. MMCs with asymmetric voltages in a 2:1 ratio have been proposed but require complex voltage balancing schemes. Asymmetric multilevel inverters with other voltage ratios (such as 3:1) have been shown to have potentially lower device counts than topologies with 2:1 ratios. However, conventional modulation schemes do not scale to MMCs with 3:1 voltage ratios. This paper presents a generalized analytical model and control scheme for asymmetric MMCs using space-vectors. Capacitor voltages are balanced by a combination of common-mode and differential-mode offsets in the modulating signal. A scalable, level-shifted carrier based modulation scheme is used which eliminates recursive timing calculations. The proposed scheme is modeled in MATLAB/Simulink and the simulation results are presented.

KW - Modular Multilevel Converters (MMCs)

KW - asymmetric cell voltage

KW - renewable energy integration

KW - space vector analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070209269&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070209269&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/COMPEL.2019.8769629

DO - 10.1109/COMPEL.2019.8769629

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85070209269

T3 - 2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019

BT - 2019 IEEE 20th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics, COMPEL 2019

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -