Analytic formulation of Cauchy integrals for boundaries with curvilinear geometry

David R. Steward, Philippe Le Grand, Igor Janković, Otto D Strack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


A general framework for analytic evaluation of singular integral equations with a Cauchy kernel is developed for higher order line elements of curvilinear geometry. This extends existing theory which relies on numerical integration of Cauchy integrals since analytic evaluation is currently published only for straight lines, and circular and hyperbolic arcs. Analytic evaluation of Cauchy integrals along straight elements is presented to establish a context coalescing new developments within the existing body of knowledge. Curvilinear boundaries are partitioned into sectionally holomorphic elements that are conformally mapped from a local curvilinear Z-plane to a straight line in the Z-plane. Cauchy integrals are evaluated in these planes to achieve a simple representation of the complex potential using Chebyshev polynomials and a Taylor series expansion of the conformal mapping. Bell polynomials and the Faà di Bruno formula provide this Taylor series for mappings expressed as inverse mappings and/or compositions. Examples illustrate application of the general framework to boundary-value problems with boundaries of natural coordinates, Bezier curves and B-splines. Strings formed by the union of adjacent curvilinear elements form a large class of geometries along which Dirichlet and/or Neumann conditions may be applied. This provides a framework applicable to a wide range of fields of study including groundwater flow, electricity and magnetism, acoustic radiation, elasticity, fluid flow, air flow and heat flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-248
Number of pages26
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number2089
StatePublished - Jan 8 2008


  • Analytic element method
  • Bell polynomials
  • Conformal mapping
  • Faà di Bruno's formula
  • Fredholm integral equation
  • Singular integral equation


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