Analysis of transport activity of Arabidopsis sugar alcohol permease homolog AtPLT5

Anke Reinders, Jody A. Panshyshyn, John M. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The transporters responsible for sugar uptake into non-photosynthetic sink tissues in plants, such as roots and flowers, have not been fully identified and analyzed. Plants encode around 100 putative sugar transporters within the major facilitator superfamily, yet only a few have been studied. Here we report the analysis of a sugar alcohol pennease homolog (AtPLTS, At3g18830) from Arabidopsis. A wide range of sugars including hexoses, pentoses, tetroses, a sugar acid, and sugar alcohols but not disaccharides induced inward currents in oocytes expressing AtPLT5. AtPLTS expression also resulted in 14C-labeled substrate uptake in oocytes, indicating that AtPLT5 encodes an ion-coupled uptake transporter. K0.5 values for glucose and sorbitol were highly dependent on external pH. Expression of AtPLT5 was found primarily in sink tissues: in the elongation zone of roots, in the inflorescence stem, and several floral structures, especially in the floral abscission zone. Expression was induced by mechanical wounding and insect feeding. Analysis of transport properties and expression in Arabidopsis indicate that AtPLT5 functions to transport a wide range of sugars into specific sink tissues in the plant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1594-1602
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2005

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Sugar Alcohols
Membrane Transport Proteins
Arabidopsis
Sugars
Tetroses
Oocytes
Tissue
Pentoses
Sugar Acids
Inflorescence
Hexoses
Sorbitol
Disaccharides
Insects
Induced currents
Transport properties
Ions
Glucose
Elongation
Substrates

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Analysis of transport activity of Arabidopsis sugar alcohol permease homolog AtPLT5. / Reinders, Anke; Panshyshyn, Jody A.; Ward, John M.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 280, No. 2, 14.01.2005, p. 1594-1602.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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