Analysis of the network of feeding neuroregulators using the Allen Brain Atlas

Pawel K. Olszewski, Jonathan Cedernaes, Fredrik Olsson, Allen S Levine, Helgi B. Schiöth

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Allen Brain Atlas, the most comprehensive in situ hybridization database, covers over 21,000 genes expressed in the mouse brain. Here we discuss the feasibility to utilize the ABA in research pertaining to the central regulation of feeding and we define advantages and vulnerabilities associated with the use of the atlas as a guidance tool. We searched for 57 feeding-related genes in the ABA, and of those 42 display distribution consistent with that described in previous reports. Detailed analyses of these 42 genes in the nucleus accumbens, ventral tegmental area, nucleus of the solitary tract, lateral hypothalamus, arcuate, paraventricular, ventromedial and dorsomedial nuclei suggests that molecules involved in feeding stimulation and termination are coexpressed in multiple consumption-related sites. Gene systems linked to energy needs, reward or satiation display a remarkably high level of overlap. This conclusion calls into question the classical concept of brain sites viewed as independent hunger or reward "centers" and favors the theory of a widespread feeding network comprising multiple neuroregulators affecting numerous aspects of consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)945-956
Number of pages12
JournalNeuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Keywords

  • Anorexia
  • CNS
  • Food intake
  • Neuropeptides
  • Obesity

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