Analysis of the benzene oxide-DNA adduct 7-phenylguanine by liquid chromatography-nanoelectrospray ionization-high resolution tandem mass spectrometry-parallel reaction monitoring: Application to DNA from exposed mice and humans

Adam T. Zarth, Guang Cheng, Zhaobin Zhang, Mingyao Wang, Peter W. Villalta, Silvia Balbo, Stephen S. Hecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Benzene oxide, the initial metabolite of the human carcinogen benzene, reacts with DNA producing 7-phenylguanine (7-PhG) and other products. We developed a highly sensitive liquid chromatography-nanoelectrospray ionization-high resolution tandem mass spectrometry-parallel reaction monitoring method for the analysis of 7-PhG in DNA. Accuracy and precision of the method were established and the detection limit was about 8 amol of 7-PhG injected on the column and less than 1 adduct per 109 nucleotides in DNA. 7-PhG was detected in calf thymus DNA reacted with 1 μM to 10 mM benzene oxide. The method was applied for the analysis of DNA isolated from bone marrow, lung, and liver of B6C3F1 mice treated by gavage with 50 mg/kg benzene in corn oil 5 times weekly for 4 weeks. 7-PhG was not detected in any of these DNA samples. The method was applied to DNA from mouse hepatocytes exposed to 100 μM benzene oxide and human TK-6 lymphoblasts exposed to 100 μM, 1, and 10 mM benzene oxide. 7-PhG was only detected in TK-6 cell DNA from the 10 mM exposure. The method was also applied to leukocyte DNA from 10 smokers and 10 nonsmokers. 7-PhG was detected in only one DNA sample, from a nonsmoker. The results of this study do not support the hypothesis that the benzene oxide-DNA adduct 7-PhG is involved in carcinogenesis by benzene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-45
Number of pages6
JournalChemico-Biological Interactions
Volume215
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 25 2014

Keywords

  • 7-Phenylguanine
  • Benzene
  • Benzene oxide
  • DNA adducts
  • Mass spectrometry

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