Using a rat lung organ culture system, we analyzed the role of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP 1) in leukocyte to lung adhesive interactions and monocyte-mediated lung injury. Quantitative leukocyte to lung adhesive interactions were examined using an adaptation of the Woodruff-Stamper frozen section binding assay. Pretreatment of organ cultures with recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (rbTNFα) resulted in a protein synthesis-dependent increase in the adhesiveness of lung tissue for peripheral blood monocytes. Adhesion of monocytes to lung tissue was not increased above baseline after 7 hours but increased more than twofold by 24 hours and persisted through 48 hours. Binding of monocyte to lung tissue was further increased when recombinant rat MCP 1 was added to monocyte suspensions immediately before being layered onto lung sections derived from either TNFα-treated or untreated organ cultures. Addition of antibody directed against rat CD11b/c resulted in a moderate reduction in monocyte binding. TNF or lipopolysaccharide-induced activation of mononuclear cells in the presence of [3H]leucine-labeled organ cultures resulted in lung injury as assessed by radioisotope release. Mononuclear cell-mediated organ culture injury could be partially inhibited with anti-rat MCP 1 antibody, anti-rat CD11b/c antibody, or antioxidants including catalase and deferoxamine. Anti-MCP 1 and anti- CD11b/c increased the absolute numbers of monocytes that could be retrieved from monocyte-lung co-cultures while catalase and deferoxamine did not. In vitro studies revealed that isolated rat peripheral blood monocytes produce O2 in response to MCP 1. These data provide a functional correlate for recent in vitro studies which suggest that MCP 1 may mediate leukocyte adhesive processes by up-regulating β2 integrin expression on monocytes. This study provides evidence that monocytes activated by MCP 1 can damage lung tissue through an oxidant-mediated mechanism. Monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 may participate in the pathogenesis of monocyte-mediated lung injury by modulating inflammatory cell adhesion as well as through monocyte activation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||American Journal of Pathology|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1993|