Analysis of dissolved gas in the application of liquid piston gas compression

Longzhong Huang, Terrence W. Simon, Perry Y. Li, Edward J. Hummelt

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


Liquid piston compression technology is being explored as a way to achieve high-pressure gas compression in Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) systems. When combined with a porous medium, a liquid piston compressor is able to provide near-isothermal compression, and high efficiency. However, the gas being compressed can dissolve into the liquid resulting in loss of compressed gas output. Also, the dissolved gas in the liquid lines can cause aeration that causes damage to pumps and valves. To understand this gas transport phenomenon in the liquid and to evaluate the total amount of gas dissolved, a numerical model was developed. Dispersion due to the porous medium is found to be the dominant mode of mass transfer. The dispersion coefficient is calculated based on an experimental correlation that is given in terms of flow velocity, porous medium geometry and molecular diffusion coefficient. The numerical model is used to investigate a case study in which a water liquid piston is used for air compression. The amount of dissolved gas under various conditions is calculated, such as gas concentration of the inlet flow to the compressor and discharge pressure to the storage tank at the end of compression. The effects of different types of liquids are also quantified by applying in the model the different solubility values of gases in liquids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 1st Thermal and Fluid Engineering Summer Conference, TFESC 2015
PublisherBegell House Inc.
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781567004311
StatePublished - 2015
Event1st Thermal and Fluid Engineering Summer Conference, TFESC 2015 - New York City, United States
Duration: Aug 9 2015Aug 12 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Thermal and Fluids Engineering Summer Conference
ISSN (Electronic)2379-1748


Conference1st Thermal and Fluid Engineering Summer Conference, TFESC 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityNew York City

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Begell House Inc.. All rights reserved.


  • Dispersion
  • Dissolved gas
  • Liquid piston
  • Mass transfer
  • Porous media


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