Analysis of dislocations in some naturally deformed plagioclase feldspars

Terkel S. Olsen, David L. Kohlstedt

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Abstract

Dislocations in intermediate plagioclase feldspars, which were deformed under granulite facies conditions, have been analysed. The study reveals extensive ductile deformation by intracrystalline slip and by twinning. Six out of the seven possible Burgers vectors were identified: {Mathematical expression}. Most, perhaps all, dislocations are dissociated by up to 200 Å. The microstructure is dominated by [001] screw dislocations, most of which appear to be dissociated in (010). The dominant slip system appears to be (010) [001]. Large grain-to-grain variations in the density of free dislocations indicate that the plastic strain in individual grains depended upon the Schmid factor for (010) [001]. The microstructure suggests that the rate-controlling step for high-temperature creep of plagioclase is cross-slip of extended [001] screw dislocations. The rheological contrast between feldspar and quartz is partly due to a difference in stacking fault energy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-160
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics and Chemistry of Minerals
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1984

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