Introduction and hypothesis: To examine changes in sexual function after abdominal and transvaginal pelvic organ prolapse repair. Methods: Women enrolled in our prospective, longitudinal prolapse database with abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) or transvaginal (TVR) pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair with or without mesh, between 19 December 2008 through 4 June 2014. The Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12) and the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI -20) were mailed preoperatively, and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Patients completed Global Response Assessments to rate their overall satisfaction. Results: Two hundred and four of the 300 women met the inclusion criteria: 74 out of 204 (36 %) had ASC and 130 out of 204 (64 %) had TVR. Seventy-two out of seventy-four ASCs were performed robotically and 2 were open. Baseline demographics were similar except that the ASC patients were significantly younger (60 vs 63, P = 0.019) and had a higher rate of apical repair (77 % vs 55 %). Thirty-six out of seventy-four ASC (48.7 %) and 63 out of 128 TVR patients (49.2 %) were sexually active at baseline (P = 0.94). Sixteen out of thirty-eight ASC (42.1 %) and 18 out 63 TVR patients (28.6 %; P = 0.16) reported dyspareunia at baseline. Seventy-two out of seventy-four ASC (97 %) and 86 out of 130 TVR patients (66 %) had mesh-augmented repairs. There was no difference in sexual activity or dyspareunia between the groups at the 6- or 12-month follow-up. PISQ and PFDI scores improved significantly in both the ASC and TVR groups over time compared with the baseline (p < 0.0001). Most women in the ASC (77.5 %) and TVR (64.8 %) groups were satisfied with the results of prolapse surgery at 12 months. Conclusions: Sexual function and pelvic floor symptoms improved in a similar manner in patients after abdominal and transvaginal POP surgery.
- Pelvic organ prolapse
- Sexual function