Analysis of Acrolein-Derived 1, N 2 -Propanodeoxyguanosine Adducts in Human Lung DNA from Smokers and Nonsmokers

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Abstract

Acrolein, the simplest α,β-unsaturated aldehyde, is present in relatively large quantities in cigarette smoke, and several studies have raised the possibility of it being a major etiological agent for smoking-related lung cancer. Acrolein reacts directly with DNA to form primarily Acr-dGuo adducts, which serve as important biomarkers for the assessment of exposure to acrolein and its potential role in smoking-related lung cancer. In this study, we developed an ultrasensitive and low-artifact method using liquid chromatography-nanoelectrospray ionization-high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry to quantitate Acr-dGuo adducts in normal lung tissue DNA obtained at surgery from lung cancer patients who never smoked and from those who continued smoking until surgery, as confirmed by urinary total cotinine and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol. This provides a direct comparison of Acr-dGuo levels in human lung tissue as a result of cigarette smoking versus other etiological causes. There was no significant difference between the total Acr-dGuo levels in smokers (28.5 ± 14.9 adducts/10 9 nucleotides) and nonsmokers (25.0 ± 10.7 adducts/10 9 nucleotides), suggesting rapid removal of acrolein by glutathione conjugation and other detoxification mechanisms. Our results do not support the hypothesis that acrolein is a major etiological agent for cigarette smoking-related DNA damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)318-325
Number of pages8
JournalChemical research in toxicology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 18 2019

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Acrolein
Smoking
Lung
Tobacco Products
DNA
Lung Neoplasms
Surgery
Nucleotides
Tissue
Cotinine
Detoxification
Liquid chromatography
Biomarkers
Tandem Mass Spectrometry
Aldehydes
Smoke
Liquid Chromatography
Artifacts
DNA Damage
Ionization

Cite this

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title = "Analysis of Acrolein-Derived 1, N 2 -Propanodeoxyguanosine Adducts in Human Lung DNA from Smokers and Nonsmokers",
abstract = "Acrolein, the simplest α,β-unsaturated aldehyde, is present in relatively large quantities in cigarette smoke, and several studies have raised the possibility of it being a major etiological agent for smoking-related lung cancer. Acrolein reacts directly with DNA to form primarily Acr-dGuo adducts, which serve as important biomarkers for the assessment of exposure to acrolein and its potential role in smoking-related lung cancer. In this study, we developed an ultrasensitive and low-artifact method using liquid chromatography-nanoelectrospray ionization-high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry to quantitate Acr-dGuo adducts in normal lung tissue DNA obtained at surgery from lung cancer patients who never smoked and from those who continued smoking until surgery, as confirmed by urinary total cotinine and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol. This provides a direct comparison of Acr-dGuo levels in human lung tissue as a result of cigarette smoking versus other etiological causes. There was no significant difference between the total Acr-dGuo levels in smokers (28.5 ± 14.9 adducts/10 9 nucleotides) and nonsmokers (25.0 ± 10.7 adducts/10 9 nucleotides), suggesting rapid removal of acrolein by glutathione conjugation and other detoxification mechanisms. Our results do not support the hypothesis that acrolein is a major etiological agent for cigarette smoking-related DNA damage.",
author = "Jing Yang and Silvia Balbo and Villalta, {Peter W} and Hecht, {Stephen S}",
year = "2019",
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T1 - Analysis of Acrolein-Derived 1, N 2 -Propanodeoxyguanosine Adducts in Human Lung DNA from Smokers and Nonsmokers

AU - Yang, Jing

AU - Balbo, Silvia

AU - Villalta, Peter W

AU - Hecht, Stephen S

PY - 2019/2/18

Y1 - 2019/2/18

N2 - Acrolein, the simplest α,β-unsaturated aldehyde, is present in relatively large quantities in cigarette smoke, and several studies have raised the possibility of it being a major etiological agent for smoking-related lung cancer. Acrolein reacts directly with DNA to form primarily Acr-dGuo adducts, which serve as important biomarkers for the assessment of exposure to acrolein and its potential role in smoking-related lung cancer. In this study, we developed an ultrasensitive and low-artifact method using liquid chromatography-nanoelectrospray ionization-high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry to quantitate Acr-dGuo adducts in normal lung tissue DNA obtained at surgery from lung cancer patients who never smoked and from those who continued smoking until surgery, as confirmed by urinary total cotinine and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol. This provides a direct comparison of Acr-dGuo levels in human lung tissue as a result of cigarette smoking versus other etiological causes. There was no significant difference between the total Acr-dGuo levels in smokers (28.5 ± 14.9 adducts/10 9 nucleotides) and nonsmokers (25.0 ± 10.7 adducts/10 9 nucleotides), suggesting rapid removal of acrolein by glutathione conjugation and other detoxification mechanisms. Our results do not support the hypothesis that acrolein is a major etiological agent for cigarette smoking-related DNA damage.

AB - Acrolein, the simplest α,β-unsaturated aldehyde, is present in relatively large quantities in cigarette smoke, and several studies have raised the possibility of it being a major etiological agent for smoking-related lung cancer. Acrolein reacts directly with DNA to form primarily Acr-dGuo adducts, which serve as important biomarkers for the assessment of exposure to acrolein and its potential role in smoking-related lung cancer. In this study, we developed an ultrasensitive and low-artifact method using liquid chromatography-nanoelectrospray ionization-high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry to quantitate Acr-dGuo adducts in normal lung tissue DNA obtained at surgery from lung cancer patients who never smoked and from those who continued smoking until surgery, as confirmed by urinary total cotinine and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol. This provides a direct comparison of Acr-dGuo levels in human lung tissue as a result of cigarette smoking versus other etiological causes. There was no significant difference between the total Acr-dGuo levels in smokers (28.5 ± 14.9 adducts/10 9 nucleotides) and nonsmokers (25.0 ± 10.7 adducts/10 9 nucleotides), suggesting rapid removal of acrolein by glutathione conjugation and other detoxification mechanisms. Our results do not support the hypothesis that acrolein is a major etiological agent for cigarette smoking-related DNA damage.

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