The technical performance of a hybrid 'solar window' that provides heating in addition to daylighting is evaluated. A wavelength selective film is coupled with a compound parabolic concentrator (CPC) to reflect and concentrate the infrared portion of the solar spectrum onto a tubular absorber while transmitting the visible portion of the spectrum into the interior space. The optical performance of the CPC/selective film is predicted using a Monte Carlo Ray- Tracing model. An adaptive concentrator geometry based on asymmetrical truncation of CPCs is analyzed for vertical windows. The predicted visible transmittance is 0.61 to 0.67 for double glazed windows. The solar heat gain coefficient and the U-factor are comparable to existing glazing technology. The annual thermal efficiency for double glazed windows based on use in Minneapolis, MN is 19-24%.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support of the University of Minnesota Initiative for Renewable Energy and the Environment (IREE). The authors thank Becky Alexander at the School of Architecture, University of Minnesota for an architectural rendering of the solar window design.
© 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
- Building integration
- Solar window
- Wavelength selective film