Of the hundreds of minerals that are found in the earth, most canine uroliths are comprised of only six types: (1) magnesium ammonium phosphate, (2) calcium oxalate, (3) calcium phosphates, (4) ammonium urate and other salts or uric acid, (5) cystine, or (6) silica. Each type has characteristics that allow its identification. During the past two decades, the prevalence of calcium oxalate canine uroliths has dramatically increased, while struvite has decreased. The most effective treatment and prevention protocols are based on knowledge of the primary mineral type comprising the urolith.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Pages (from-to)||17-38, ix-x|
|Journal||The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice|
|State||Published - Jan 1999|