Analysis of 77,000 canine uroliths. Perspectives from the Minnesota Urolith Center.

C. A. Osborne, J. P. Lulich, D. J. Polzin, S. L. Sanderson, L. A. Koehler, L. K. Ulrich, K. A. Bird, L. L. Swanson, L. A. Pederson, S. Z. Sudo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Of the hundreds of minerals that are found in the earth, most canine uroliths are comprised of only six types: (1) magnesium ammonium phosphate, (2) calcium oxalate, (3) calcium phosphates, (4) ammonium urate and other salts or uric acid, (5) cystine, or (6) silica. Each type has characteristics that allow its identification. During the past two decades, the prevalence of calcium oxalate canine uroliths has dramatically increased, while struvite has decreased. The most effective treatment and prevention protocols are based on knowledge of the primary mineral type comprising the urolith.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-38, ix-x
JournalThe Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1999

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