We analyse a model of polyelectrolyte gels that was proposed by the authors in previous work. We first demonstrate that the model can be derived using Onsager's variational principle, a general procedure for obtaining equations in soft condensed matter physics. The model is shown to have a unique steady state under the assumption that a suitably defined mechanical energy density satisfies a convexity condition. We then perform a detailed study of the stability of the steady state in the spatially one-dimensional case, obtaining bounds on the relaxation rate. Numerical simulations for the spatially one-dimensional problem are presented, confirming the analytical calculations on stability.
- Onsagers variational principle
- ionic electrodiffusion
- polyelectrolyte gel
- stability analysis
- two phase model