In this chapter, we illustrate how a family context of child maltreatment may adversely influence the development of children’s peer relationships. The family provides the context out of which peer relationships can emerge. An optimal familial environment includes a positive developmental history in each parent’s family of origin, a harmonious contemporaneous marital relationship, and nurturant, sensitive, and predictable parent-child interactions (Belsky & Pensky, 1988; Caspi & Elder, 1988; Easterbrooks & Emde, 1988; Engfer, 1988; Main, Kaplan, & Cassidy, 1985; Sroufe & Fleeson, 1986, 1988). These conditions maximize the probability that children in such families w ill form secure attachment relationships with one or both caregivers (Belsky & Vondra, 1989; Cicchetti, 1990; Sroufe & Fleeson, 1988). This security reduces fear in novel situations and allows children tofeel comfortable in exploring the environment. @copy; 1992 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Family-Peer Relationships|
|Subtitle of host publication||Modes of Linkage|
|Publisher||Taylor and Francis|
|Number of pages||39|
|ISBN (Print)||0805806008, 9781138649170|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2016|