An open-label study of sufentanil sublingual tablet 30 mcg in patients with postoperative pain

Jacob L. Hutchins, David Leiman, Harold S. Minkowitz, Maurice Jove, Karen P. DiDonato, Pamela P. Palmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate sufentanil sublingual tablet 30 mcg (SST 30 mcg) for postoperative pain in an older patient population with comorbidities. Design. Multicenter, open-label, single-arm study. Setting. Nine hospitals across the United States. Subjects. Adults aged ≥40 years who had undergone a surgical procedure. Methods. Patients with a postoperative pain intensity score ≥4 on an 11-point numeric rating scale (NRS) were allowed to enter the study and receive SST 30 mcg as requested for pain (minimum 60-minute redosing interval) over the 12-hour study period. Efficacy was assessed by patient reports of pain intensity on the NRS and a five-point pain relief scale. Safety was monitored throughout the study; plasma sufentanil concentrations were also measured. The primary efficacy endpoint was the time-weighted summed pain intensity difference (SPID) to baseline over 12 hours (SPID12). Results. Of the 140 patients enrolled, 69% were American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Class II or III, 44% had a body mass index (BMI)≥30 mg/kg 2 , and 29% had hepatic and/or renal impairment. Average age was 54.7 years (SD=9.9 years), and average baseline pain intensity was 6.2 (SD=1.9). The most common surgeries were abdominal (59%) and orthopedic (20%). The mean SPID12 was 36.0 (standard error of the mean = 2.2); mean scores were similar, regardless of age, sex, race, and BMI. From baseline, mean pain intensity decreased significantly starting 30 minutes postdose, and mean pain relief increased significantly starting 15 minutes postdose, remaining relatively stable through 12hours (P < 0.001 at each time point). Four (3%) patients discontinued due to inadequate analgesia, and 45 (32%) patients had one or more adverse events that were considered possibly or probably related to the study drug. Mean plasma sufentanil concentrations were generally similar regardless of age, sex, BMI, or organ impairment status. Conclusions. SST 30 mcg was effective and well tolerated for the management of moderate-to-severe acute postoperative pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2058-2068
Number of pages11
JournalPain Medicine (United States)
Volume19
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Open-label trial
  • Opioid analgesic
  • Pain assessment
  • Postoperative pain
  • Sublingual
  • Sufentanil

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