An investigation of client and counselor variables that influence likelihood of counselor self-disclosure

Dawn H. Simone, Patricia McCarthy, Carol L. Skay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Selected client and counselor variables affecting reported likelihood of self-disclosure by 120 experienced clinicians in relation to four scenarios were examined. Variables included client age and diagnosis and counselor gender, experience, and exposure to disclosing counselors in their own experience of counseling. Disclosure likelihood was greatest for high ego-strength diagnoses and for respondents who reported positive disclosures from counselors in their own counseling experiences. Reasons for and against using self-disclosure also were examined. Reasons for disclosing included promoting universality, giving encouragement, modeling, rapport-building, and offering alternatives. Reasons against disclosing included boundary blurring, concern about counselor welfare, merging, and premature closure. Implications for practice and research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-182
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Counseling and Development
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

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