An Intronic Ikaros-binding Element Mediates Retinoic Acid Suppression of the Kappa Opioid Receptor Gene, Accompanied by Histone Deacetylation on the Promoters

Xinli Hu, Jing Bi, Horace H. Loh, Li Na Wei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The mouse kappa opioid receptor (KOR) gene is constitutively expressed in mouse embryonal carcinoma P19 stem cells and suppressed by retinoic acid (RA) in cells undergoing neuronal differentiation. A negative regulatory element is located within intron 1 of the KOR gene, which contains an Ikaros (Ik)-binding site (GG-GAAgGGGAT). This sequence is an Ik-1 respondive, functionally negative element as demonstrated in the context of both natural KOR and heterologous promoters. The two underlined G residues of the second half-site are critical for Ik-1 binding and Ik-mediated repression of the KOR gene. RA induces Ik-1 expression within 1 day of treatment and suppresses KOR expression between 2 and 3 days. Overexpression of Ik-1 in P19 suppresses endogenous KOR gene expression, accompanied by increased binding of Ik-1 to the Ik-binding site and chromatin histone deacetylation on KOR promoters. It is proposed that in an RA-induced P19 differentiation model, RA elevates Ik-1 expression, which recruits histone deacetylase to intron 1 of the KOR gene and silences KOR gene promoters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4597-4603
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume276
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2001

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