An Introduction to the Theory of M-Decompositions

Bernardo Cockburn, Guosheng Fu, Ke Shi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


We provide a short introduction to the theory of M-decompositions in the framework of steady-state diffusion problems. This theory allows us to systematically devise hybridizable discontinuous Galerkin and mixed methods which can be proven to be superconvergent on unstructured meshes made of elements of a variety of shapes. The main feature of this approach is that it reduces such an effort to the definition, for each element K of the mesh, of the spaces for the flux, V (K), and the scalar variable, W(K), which, roughly speaking, can be decomposed into suitably chosen orthogonal subspaces related to the space traces on ∂K of the scalar unknown, M(∂K). We begin by showing how a simple a priori error analysis motivates the notion of an M-decomposition. We then study the main properties of the M-decompositions and show how to actually construct them. Finally, we provide many examples in the two-dimensional setting. We end by briefly commenting on several extensions including to other equations like the wave equation, the equations of linear elasticity, and the equations of incompressible fluid flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSEMA SIMAI Springer Series
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages25
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameSEMA SIMAI Springer Series
ISSN (Print)2199-3041
ISSN (Electronic)2199-305X

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