An integrated approach to oversight assessment for emerging technologies

Jennifer Kuzma, Jordan Paradise, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Jee Ae Kim, Adam Kokotovich, Susan M. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Analysis of oversight systems is often conducted from a single disciplinary perspective and by using a limited set of criteria for evaluation. In this article, we develop an approach that blends risk analysis, social science, public administration, legal, public policy, and ethical perspectives to develop a broad set of criteria for assessing oversight systems. Multiple methods, including historical analysis, expert elicitation, and behavioral consensus, were employed to develop multidisciplinary criteria for evaluating oversight of emerging technologies. Sixty-six initial criteria were identified from extensive literature reviews and input from our Working Group. Criteria were placed in four categories reflecting the development, attributes, evolution, and outcomes of oversight systems. Expert elicitation, consensus methods, and multidisciplinary review of the literature were used to refine a condensed, operative set of criteria. Twenty-eight criteria resulted spanning four categories: seven development criteria, 15 attribute criteria, five outcome criteria, and one evolution criterion. These criteria illuminate how oversight systems develop, operate, change, and affect society. We term our approach "integrated oversight assessment" and propose its use as a tool for analyzing relationships among features, outcomes, and tradeoffs of oversight systems. Comparisons among historical case studies of oversight using a consistent set of criteria should result in defensible and evidence-supported lessons to guide the development of oversight systems for emerging technologies, such as nanotechnology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1197-1220
Number of pages24
JournalRisk Analysis
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008

Keywords

  • Expert elicitation
  • Multicriteria decision analysis
  • Multidisciplinary
  • Nanotechnology
  • Oversight assessment
  • Risk

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