An inquiry into application of Gokyo (Aikido's Fifth Teaching) on human anatomy

Gregory D. Olson, Frank C. Seitz, Frank Guldbrandsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In this anatomical analysis the authors examined Gokyo, Aikido's Fifth Teaching. Using their cadaver/anatomist-observer model, the authors observed that tissues manipulated by the technique were primarily on the dorsal side of the wrist, proximal to the second metacarpal. The source of the pain was thought to involve the manipulation of the wrist joints and associated carpometacarpal ligaments. Locations of the manipulated tissue and sources of pain associated with that tissue, and their limited practical application were discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1299-1303
Number of pages5
JournalPerceptual and motor skills
Issue number3 PART 2
StatePublished - Jun 1996

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