Intermittent-vacuum stripping (IVS) was developed as a pretreatment for thermophilic anaerobic digestion (TAD) to improve methanogenesis and hydrolysis activity through preventing free ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) inhibition from liquid swine manure (LSM). Over 98% of ammonia and 38% organic nitrogen were removed in 60 min from 55 °C to 85 °C with vacuum pressure (from 100.63 ± 3.79 mmHg to 360.91 ± 7.39 mmHg) at initial pH 10.0 by IVS. Thermophilic methanogenesis and hydrolysis activity of pretreated LSM increased 52.25% (from 11.56 ± 1.75% to 17.60 ± 0.49%) in 25 days and 40% (from 10 days to 6 days) in bio-methane potential assay. Over 80% H2S and total nitrogen were removed by IVS assistance, while around 70% nitrogen was recycled as ammonium sulfate. Therefore, IVS-TAD combination could be an effective strategy to improve TAD efficiency, whose elution is more easily utilized in algae cultivation and/or hydroponic system.
- Ammonia inhibition
- Hydrogen sulfide inhibition
- Intermittent-vacuum stripping (IVS)
- Thermophilic anaerobic digestion
- Waste water treatment